0.2mm ~ 0.7mm
Plain, Hand-scratched, Embossed, Registered in Embossed
Bedrooms, Living Rooms, Dining Rooms, Corridors, Entrance Halls, Small Offices...
Vinyl flooring is a synthetic flooring option made from polyvinyl chloride plastic (commonly known as PVC). Small pieces of colored PVC are heated and then pressed into thin layers that are adhered to form flexible sheets of vinyl that can be left as is or cut into tiles or planks. Vinyl flooring can be colored and textured to resemble a variety of materials including wood, stone, and ceramic. Vinyl flooring is often compared to linoleum or laminate flooring, but linoleum and laminate flooring are both composed of all-natural materials, while vinyl is completely synthetic and thus cheaper, more durable, and easier to install.
Construction of Vinyl Floor
Vinyl flooring is made of four layers of material.
Wear Layer: Made of a clear, protective urethane sealant, this layer is what makes vinyl flooring durable and water-resistant. Measured in mil (thousandths of an inch), the thickness of the wear layer determines how durable the vinyl flooring is.
0–12 mil: average traffic, good for typical home activity
12–20 mil: higher traffic, good for homes with active pets or children
Over 20 mil: heavy traffic, good for busy commercial areas
Print Layer: This layer is what gives vinyl flooring its attractive appearance. The print layer is a thin film decorated with the desired flooring pattern that shows through the clear wear layer.
Core: Vinyl flooring can be either flexible or rigid, depending on the core type. Rigid core vinyl flooring typically comes in the form of sturdy planks or tiles with little pliability. These ultra waterproof cores can be made of stone plastic composite (SPC) or wood plastic composite (WPC), with SPC tending to be the harder, denser, more compact, and more durable of the two.
Underlayment: Made of fiber, felt, rubber, or foam, this bottommost layer provides vinyl flooring with additional cushioning, insulation, sound absorption, and durability. When installed over a subfloor that is vulnerable to moisture, underlayment can provide the underside of vinyl flooring with a protective moisture barrier. Underlayment can come pre-attached to vinyl flooring or as a separate element – check the flooring manufacturer's details to be sure before you purchase.